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Monument to the warrior-liberators and the refugees from the White Sea Karelia

Monument to the warrior-liberators and the refugees from the White Sea Karelia

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Monument made of natural stone locate in the Suomussalmi, Raatteen Portti in memory of the warrior-liberators and the refugees from the White Sea Karelia. The monument, designed by architect Anita Tuhkanen, was unveiled on July 12, 1998.

The plaque on the stone contains the text:

"In memory of the warrior-liberators of the White Sea Karelia.

Glory to the volunteers, who, motivated by their convictions, boldly followed the flag of liberation.

Raate Road was an arterial road for the warrior-liberators and the refugees from the White Sea Karelia.

The War of Independence Traditions Union and the Kainuu Regional War of Independence Traditions Association.”

The second plaque contains the text:

"During the War of Independence, the volunteer expedition of Malm-Kuisma was sent from Finland to White Sea Karelia for flank defense 03.21.1918 – 02.10.1918. It contained about 500 participants, including 15 Finnish Jägers. The White Sea Karelians took part in battles dreaming of their own state.

Joined Finland Reboly Parish (at August 1918) and Porosozero Parish (at October 1919), were defended by the Finnish Army accompanied by a volunteer company, contains in total 23 Finnish Jägers. According to the Tartu peace treaty of 14.10.1920 those territories was returned to the Soviet Union.

The battles of the White Sea Karelians for their independence took place during the period 28.10.1921 – 20.2.1922. Of approximately 3000 soldiers of Temporary Government of White Sea Karelia some 500 were Finnish volunteers, including 27 Finnish Jägers. After the suppression of the attempt by superior force, about 11000 White Sea Karelians went as refugees to Finland. Most of them returned, but the Finnish state took care of 4000 refugees until the Winter War.”

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