News from The Site
September 15, 2017Place identification signs by Vepsian language
In 2007 the new place identification signs was placed in the territory of former Veps national volost.
September 2, 2017Literacy rates in European part of Russian Empire
According to 1897 census
March 18, 2017Monument to Kuusinen in Petrozavodsk
Local people call the monument «The Fisheries Enforcement».
February 24, 2017Pax 1947
Finnish postage stamp
February 23, 2017Birth certificates
Birth certificates of Karelian-Finnish SSR and of Karelian ASSR
September 21, 201625 years The Agreement of Friendship
Finnish postage stamp
June 19, 2016Lutheran church in Muyezersky
Lutheran parish in Muyezersky was officially registered at March 9, 2000.
June 5, 2016Agreement concerning passenger traffic on the Saimaa Canal and in the territory leased by the Republic of Finland from the USSR and concerning transit traffic to Leningrad
Combined passenger traffic by vessel and by motor vehicle shall be permitted. Passengers may transfer from one means of transport to another at Leningrad or at the Vyborg transit point.
March 28, 2016Agreement between the Republic of Finland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics concerning the lease to the Republic of Finland of the Soviet part of the Saimaa Canal and Maly Vysotsky Island
The Agreement shall remain in effect for a period of Fifty years from the date of its entry into force.
March 16, 2016Painting by Angelika Rasmus
Inspired by a well-known painting "The Defense of the Sampo" (1896) by Akseli Gallen-Kallela that illustrates a passage from the Karelian-Finnish national epic "Kalevala"
February 5, 2016Grigor Auer
Finnish artist, Karelian landscape painter born in Pitkäranta (Impilahti municipality) in the family of Orthodox Karelian peasant
February 4, 2016Note of the Government of the USSR, handed on November 29th, 1939, to Mr. Yrjö-Koskinen, Finnish minister at Moscow
As a result of the situation thus created, for which the Finnish Government alone is responsible, the Government of the U.S.S.R. can no longer maintain normal relations with Finland and find themselves compelled to recall their political and economic representatives from Finland.
February 3, 2016Executive Order of the President of the Russian Federation
About conferring the title of City of Military Glory on Vyborg
February 2, 2016Note of the Government of the USSR, handed on November 28th, 1939, to Mr. Yrjö-Koskinen, Finnish minister at Moscow
In consequence, the Government of the U.S.S.R. are obliged to state that they consider themselves, as from to-day, released from the obligations ensuing from the Treaty of Non-Aggression concluded between the U.S.S.R. and Finland, obligations which are being systematically violated by the Finnish Government.
February 1, 2016Executive Order of the President of the Russian Federation
About conferring the title of City of Military Glory on PetrozavodskSpeech on the Opening Of The Third Winter Relief Work In Berlin Sports Palace at October 3, 1941
In the north, Finland is fighting, a true nation of heroes, for in her wide spaces she relies on her own strength, her bravery and tenacity.
January 31, 2016Note of Government of the Finland, handed on November 27th, 1939, to Mr. M.Molotov, People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the USSR
Although there are thus no concrete grounds for withdrawing the troops from the frontier-line, as you propose, my Government is prepared, none the less, to open conversations with a view to the mutual withdrawal of troops to a certain distance from the frontier.
January 30, 2016Note of the Government of the USSR, handed on November 26th, 1939, to Mr. Yrjö-Koskinen, Finnish minister at Moscow
In consequence, the Government of the U.S.S.R., while protesting energetically against what has happened, propose that the Finnish Government should, without delay, withdraw their troops on the Carelian Isthmus from the frontier to a distance of 20-25 kilometres, and thus preclude all possibility of a repetition of provocative acts.
January 6, 2016Order of the Day, June 21, 1944
Death to the German-Finnish invaders!
January 2, 2016Declaration by the governments of Great Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States, addressed to Germany's satellites — Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Finland
These nations must therefore decide now whether they intend to persist in their present hopeless and calamitous policy of opposing the inevitable Allied victory, while there is yet time for them to contribute to that victory.
October 17, 2015Aide-memoire of mr. Holsti, delegate of Finland to the League of Nations, handed on December 9th, 1939, to mr. Avenol, secretary-general of the League of Nations
The cession of these territories, which from the remotest times have been inhabited by a Finnish population, would have meant the renunciation of the principles of nationality recognized by the founders of the U.S.S.R. Nevertheless, the Government of Finland were ready to make this heavy sacrifice, in order to meet the demands of her great neighbor.
May 3, 2015Karelian-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic
April 26, 2015Salmi
April 19, 2015Establishment of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and the Finnish Democratic Republic
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR decided to recognize the People's Government of Finland and to establish diplomatic relations between USSR and the Finnish Democratic Republic.
April 18, 2015Formation of a People's Government of Finland
By agreement with the representatives of a number of Left-wing parties and with Finnish soldiers who had rebelled, a new government of Finland was formed at Terijoki today.
April 4, 2015Resolution of the Congress of People’s Deputies of the USSR
On the Political and Juridical Appraisal of the Soviet-German Non-Aggression Treaty of 1939
March 31, 2015Russian atlas, 1745
The Imperial Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg
March 23, 2015Map of the Finnish Democratic Republic, 1939
Military Topographic Department of the General Staff of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army
March 22, 2015Map of Sortavala
Maps of cities of the Grand Duchy of Finland, 1837-1843
March 8, 2015Soviet notes of 1947
1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 rubles
March 7, 2015Russian Railways
Cartographic institution of A.Ilyin, 1918
March 6, 2015Karelian-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic
Karelian-Finnish SSR existed as a part of the USSR from March 31, 1940 to July 16, 1956.
March 4, 2015The map of the KFSSR
February 23, 2015Route XVI. Leningrad-Murmansk
Passenger guide. Maps of railway routes, 1967
February 11, 2015Kirov Railway
Ministry of the Means of Communication of USSR, 1952
February 9, 2015Atlas of railway maps of USSR
Central administration for geodesy and cartography of the Council of Ministers of USSR, 1976
February 7, 2015Atlas of railway maps of USSR
Ministry of Transport Construction of the USSR, 1962.
February 1, 2015Atlas of railways of USSR
Central administration for geodesy and cartography of the Council of Ministers of USSR, 1982
December 13, 2014Veps National Volost
Veps National Volost was established on January 20, 1994.Vepsian national flag
Vepsian national flag was designed by painter Vitaly Dobrynin at 1992.
December 27, 2013Coat of arms of Ingria
The first mention of the Coat of Arms of Ingria was in the Swedish Laurentius Petri's chronicle in 1581.
December 26, 2013Karelian-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic
The pocket atlas of the СССР, 1940
December 21, 2013Ingrian flag
Ingrian flag is the national flag of Ingrian finns.
December 15, 2013Atlas of the Arkhangelsk eparchy
Kolsky, Kemsky and Onezhsky Uyezds
December 14, 2013Atlas of the USSR
Political map of the USSR, west of the RSFSR, European north-west of the RSFSR and Karelian-Finnish SSR
December 8, 2013Geographical atlas of the USSR for the secondary school
Political-administrative divisions of the USSR, Karelian-Finnish SSR, European part of the RSFSR, ethnic groups of the USSR
December 3, 2013Orthodox Theological Encyclopedia
December 2, 2013Atlas of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Autonomous Karelian SSR. 1928.
December 1, 2013Small geographical atlas
Lenigrad district and Karelian ASSR. Western Europe. 1930.
November 11, 2013Ethnographic map of the USSR
State cartography and geodesy publishing House of the Institute of geodesy and crtography. Leningrad. 1930.
November 10, 2013Additional protocol
Additional protocol to the Agreement between the Republic of Finland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics concerning the lease to the Republic of Finland of the part of Saimaa canal belonging to the Soviet Union and Maly Vysotsky Island, signed at Moscow, on 27 September 1962
November 9, 2013The Novgorodian colonization of the North
Having been christened, a Korela or Lop' (together with a new religion and a Russian name) took the whole complexion of a Russian «peasant».
November 4, 2013Through the North Russia
Once had been ousted by the Novgorodians and converted to Christianity 600 years ago, the Karelians moved over to the more remote places of the region, leaving the best areas to the Russians.
November 3, 2013Letter to I.I.Sreznevsky
Еhe Karelian epics and household poetry have been almost completely disappeared, so the Karelians don’t sing any household songs except for the Russian ones.
November 2, 2013The population of Finland
Although, due to the geographical position of the area, Karelians have been come in contact with the Slavs much more often than, for example, with the Swedes, and even from ancient times they were in touch with Novgorod, however, in Karelia much remains of the antiquity in the form of ancient songs and legends.
November 1, 2013Midnight Sun Country
Sortavala is left far behind...
October 31, 2013Note by wire
Your planned number of deportees in the first line — 3547 families — is approved.
October 30, 2013Order to Commander of 52th army
In two-day period withdraw from all units and departments of the army all Germans, Estonians, Letts, Finns, Lithuanians...
October 29, 2013Zadne-Nikiforovskaya poustinia of Olonets Uyezd of Olonets Guberniya
There are a plenty of Korela people, especially women and children, who can not even understand and speak Russian.
October 28, 2013Telegram to General Mannerheim
As a compunction for the assistance Mannerheim requires the following...
October 27, 2013Report on the operational situation and troop activities
Report by representative of the Supreme Commander of the Leningrad front to Chairman of the State Defense Committee on the operational situation and troop activities
July 28, 2012Geographic card set of the Russian Empire
Saint Petersburg, 1856.
July 22, 2012Sonck's house
House was designed by the famous Finnish architect Lars Sonck in Finnish National Romanticism style in 1915.
June 24, 2012Il-14 Air Crash near Petrozavodsk
On 4 March 1978 a Soviet Air Defence Forces Ilyushin Il-14 crashed near Petrozavodsk
April 27, 2012Search v6.20
Added search by people
February 27, 2012Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler's proclamation to German nation on war with Soviet Union
United with their Finnish comrades, the fighters of the victory of Narvik are standing in the Northern Arctic. German divisions commanded by the conqueror of Norway, in coöperation with the heroes of Finnish freedom, under their marshal, are protecting Finnish soil.
January 3, 2012Preparation of peace treaties with Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Finland
The terms of the peace treaty with Finland will be drafted by the Foreign Ministers of the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom.
December 31, 2011Declaration of the People's Government of Finland
The People’s Government of Finland will turn to Government of Soviet Union in order to recommend concluding the Pact of Mutual Assistance between Finland and the Soviet Union, and to comply with the age-old national hope of the Finnish people for reuniting the Karelian people with it in a single independent State of Finland.
November 26, 2011The treaty of peace between Russia and Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey
Finland and the Aaland Islands will immediately be cleared of Russian troops and the Russian Red Guard, and the Finnish ports of the Russian fleet and of the Russian naval forces.
November 6, 2011Search v5.17
Improved search by date
November 5, 2011Radio address by Prime Minister of Finland Risto Ryti, 8 December 1939
Conquering Finland will not be a parade march, but will at every step extract a heavy toll from the invader.
October 1, 2011Radio address by President of Finland Risto Ryti 26 June 1941
Our peace loving people, which for more than a year have strained to utmost to once again rebuild their country to flourish in the aftermath of the previous war, has once again been made the target of vicious attack.
August 25, 2011Delegate of Finland Rudolf Holsti’s address to the General Assembly of League of Nations
Gentlemen, fulfill your duty! People of Finland will fulfill that of their own towards the civilized world and will fulfill it with the most precious they have, their own blood.
July 31, 2011Flight 9605
On 20 June 2011 a Rusair airline Tupolev Tu-134A-3 crashed onto the highway Petrozavodsk–Suojärvi.
July 23, 2011Lutheran church in Segezha
Lutheran parish in Segezha was officially registered in 1994.
July 22, 2011Lutheran Church in Läskelä
Harlu lutheran parish was formed in 2008 as a result of detachment from Pitkäranta parish.
July 9, 2011Convention between Finland and Russia regarding measures taken in order to secure peace at the frontier
A zone shall be established on both sides of and along the territorial frontier between the two States, from the Lake of Ladoga as far as the Arctic Ocean; within the confines of this zone the two Contracting Parties undertake to apply the provisions of the present Convention in order to ensure the inviolability of the frontier.Protocol attached to the Convention regarding peace at the frontier
In order to avoid any doubts or misunderstandings with regard to some of the provisions laid down in the Convention between Russia and Finland concerning the measures to be taken to ensure the inviolability of the frontier...
July 6, 2011Finnish Foreign Minister Väinö Tanner speaks to American radio listeners
We cannot bring ourselves to believe that the civilized Western world will not find some means which are more powerful than its invaluable sympathy.
May 28, 2011Open radio speech of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Finland Mr. Tanner
I would request reply by the same means as this question has been made. Should the answer not arrive, or should it be negative, the entire world, which is already watching various acts of the Soviet Union with amazement, shall know the value placed by the Soviet Union on its principles and promises.
May 22, 2011Manifesto to the Karelian people
Within those areas, of which the Defence Forces of Finland has assumed possession, it is absolutely necessary for the general population to follow regulations as issued by the military personnel.
April 23, 2011On abdication of Nikolay II
We transmit the succession to Our brother, the Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich, and give Him Our blessing to mount the Throne of the Russian Empire.On abdication of Mikhail
I request all citizens of Russia to obey the Provisional Government until, within as short a time as possible, the Constituent Assembly, elected on a basis of universal, equal, and secret suffrage, shall express the will of the nation regarding the form of government to be adopted.
April 22, 2011Letter from Prime Minister Churchill to Field-Marshal Mannerheim
Surely your troops have advanced far enough for security during the war and could now halt and give leave.Letter from Field-Marshal Mannerheim to Prime Minister Churchill
I am sure you will realize that it is impossible for me to halt the military operations at present being carried out before the troops have reached the positions which in my opinion will provide us with the necessary security.
March 12, 2011Order No 1 of the Military Revolutionary Committee of Karelian-Murmansk Region
Those who do not follow this order will be considered enemies of the Karelian working people and make them responsible for the suffering of Karelia and of the destruction of its economy.
March 6, 2011Report on the subversive act on the Onda River
The 379th infantry regiment Commander's Report to the Olonets Gubernia Military Commissariat on the subversive act on the Onda River
February 27, 2011Some directives for the Berlin visit
Stalin’s Directives to Molotov Prior to the Visit to Berlin
February 3, 2011Search v4.10
Run faster and more efficiently
January 30, 2011List of border areas
Executive Order On Approving the List of Border Areas in which Foreign Nationals, Stateless Persons and Foreign Entities are not Allowed to Own Land Plots
January 7, 2011Monument to the Battle of Hiekka
The Battle of Hiekka took place on August 9, 1808, during the Russian-Swedish war of 1808-1809.
December 30, 2010Greetings to comrade Stalin
Stalin, whose name will always be the symbol of friendship and brotherhood of the peoples of the Soviet Union and of Finland, as well as of all the peoples of the world.
December 26, 2010Search v3.41
Local image, video and audio search
November 6, 2010Pälkjärvi
September 4, 2010Manifesto confirming the Constitution of the Grand Duchy of Finland and its full implementation
By this act, we solemnly affirm to the Finnish people, on the basis of its Constitution, the steadfast preservation of their internal independence and their rights to their national culture and languages.
August 1, 2010Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the proclamation of martial law in some areas of the USSR
Moscow, The Kremlin. June 22, 1941
July 12, 2010Harlu
July 8, 2010Värtsilä
July 4, 2010Search v2.41
Local image and video search
June 27, 2010Comrade Molotov's radio address
There were also enemy air raids and artillery shelling from Rumanian and Finnish territory.
May 29, 2010Nikita Khrushchev in the Petrozavodsk
Khrushchev was the first Soviet leader which visited the Petrozavodsk
May 18, 2010Search v1.01
Local image search by date or by date interval
March 25, 2010In a New Soviet Town
Today and in all recent days creative work is in full swing in Pitkäranta. Dirt and litter are being cleaned away from workshops of sulfate cellulose plant and streets of the town.
March 21, 2010Red Banner of Labour Order
By a Decision of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of August 4, 1978 Petrozavodsk was decorated with the Red Banner of Labour Order.
January 2, 2010Coat of arms of USSR in 1946-1956
The motto "Workers of All Countries, Unite!" was represented in 16 languages of Soviet Republics.
December 6, 2009To the people of Finland
The century-old desire for freedom waits for to come true now; the Finnish people is stepping foreward as a free nation among the others in the world.
November 23, 2009Impilahti - Pitkäranta
August 31, 2009Ruskeala
In March 1940, as result of the Winter War, the all territory of Ruskeala became Soviet.
August 30, 2009Lutheran Church in Ruskeala
Lutheran parish in Ruskeala was resumed in 1990.
August 29, 2009Sandarmoh
August 27, 2009Order of the Leningrad Military District
We go into Finland not as combatants, but as friends and liberators, freeing the Finnish people from the clutches of the landowners and capitalists. We are not against the Finnish people but against the Cajander-Erkko government, clutching the Finnish people and provoking war against the USSR.
August 16, 2009Agreement between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Finland concerning the Åland islands
Finland undertakes to demilitarize the Åland Islands, not to fortify them and not to make them available to the armed forces of any other State.
August 15, 2009Treaty on the transfer to the territory of the Soviet Union of part of the state territory of Finland in the region of the Jäniskoski hydroelectric power station and the Niskakoski control dam
The Republic of Finland cedes to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics territory comprising an area of one hundred and seventy-six square kilometres in the region of the Janiskoski hydroelectric power station and Niskakoski control dam on the Paatsjoki river, including the buildings and installations situated in this territory, with the result that this territory shall become part of the State territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and that the existing frontier between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Republic of Finland shall be changed in this region.
July 27, 2009Soviet Posters
We Don't Want to Fight, But We'll Defend the Soviets! Be on Guard!
July 26, 2009Agreement on coöperation in perpetuating the memory of servicemen who fell in the Second World War
The Government of the Republic of Finland and the Government of the Russian Federation shall ensure the protection and indefinite right to preservation of, respectively, Russian (Soviet) war cemeteries and graves and memorials in Finland and Finnish war cemeteries and graves and memorials in the Russian Federation. The Contracting Parties shall also undertake to ensure that relatives of the fallen servicemen are able to visit such cemeteries and graves.
July 25, 2009Agreement on coöperation in the Murmansk region, the Republic of Karelia, St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region
The Contracting Parties shall develop and expand coöperation in the Murmansk region, the Republic of Karelia, St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region in order to promote the stable development of these regions, taking into account the interests of both Contracting Parties.
July 24, 2009Treaty between the Republic of Finland and the Russian Federation on the basis for relations
The Parties undertake to maintain the border between them as a border of good-neighbourliness and coöperation in accordance with the Final Act of CSCE, respecting its inviolability and each other's territorial integrity.
July 19, 200940 years The Agreement of Friendship, Coöperation, and Mutual Assistance between The USSR and The Finland
Soviet postage stamp
June 28, 2009Sortavala architecture
Video 5.9 Mb
June 4, 2009Kivatch Waterfalls
Kivatch Waterfalls is located on the Suna River, about 60 kilometres from Petrozavodsk.
May 21, 2009The map of USSR
1956KASSR on the map of USSR, 1979
1979. The map of USSR
May 10, 2009Peace Treaty between the Republic of Finland and the RSFSR
From the date upon which this Treaty shall come into force, a state of war shall cease to exist between the Contracting Powers, and the two Powers shall mutually undertake to maintain, for the future, an attitude of peace and goodwill towards one another.
May 3, 2009Highways of KFSSR
Voenizdat of People's Commissariat of Defense. 1945KFSSR on the map of USSR
1940. Map of USSRKASSR on the map of USSR
Map of USSR
February 22, 2009Manifesto issued March 27, 1809
We, Alexander the First, D.G. Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, and so forth, and so forth, and so forth, Grand Duke of Finland, and so forth, and so forth, and so forth, do make known: That, Providence having placed Us in possession of the Grand Duchy of Finland...Manifesto to all inhabitants of Finland
After having assembled the estates of Finland at a general diet and accepted their oath of allegiance, we desired on this occasion to confirm and ensure by a solemn act, prepared in their presence and proclaimed in our Lord's sanctuary, the preservation of their christian religion and fundamental laws, together with the liberties and rights enjoyed by each estate separately and by all inhabitants of Finland conjointly.
February 2, 2009Coat of arms of Karelia
The oldest remained image of the coat of arms of Karelia is situated in a series of colour drawings of coats of arms of Swedish provinces in 1562, contained in the Manuscript Collections of Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.
January 31, 2009Report of the Assembly of the League of Nations
It follows from these findings that the Soviet Government has violated, not only its special political agreements with Finland, but also Article 12 of the Covenant of the League of Nations and the Pact of Paris.
January 25, 2009The map of exchanging of territories
Sputnik Agitatora magazine, N2, 1940.
January 23, 2009Solomennoye: Church, January 2009
Video 2.6 Mb
January 12, 2009Convention for the Definition of Aggression
No political, military, economic or other considerations may serve as an excuse or justification for the aggression.
January 11, 2009"Has been entrusted to me the honor..."
According to the decision of the Senate from January, 28th has been entrusted to me the honor operate as the commander-in-chief of locally Defence Guards of Finland.
January 3, 2009The appeal of the Parliament of Finland
The people of Finland, who have always honestly endeavoured to build up their future in mutual understanding with all other nations and on the foundation of peaceful labour, are being ruthlessly attacked by their eastern neighbour without the slightest cause on the part of Finland.
December 29, 2008Proclamation of the Senate of the Finland
Inflamed by a few unscrupulous individuals, some Finnish citizens, supported by foreign bayonets, have risen in rebellion against the Diet and Government of Finland, and by violence prevented it from carrying out its functions, thus endangering the new-found freedom of our country.
December 28, 2008Convention of conciliation
The present Convention shall constitute an integral part of the Pact of Non-Aggression and Pacific Settlement of Disputes concluded on January 21st, 1932, between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Finland.
December 27, 2008To The Urals
To the Urals, behind it, are Russians running you hear agile splash of their shoes.
December 26, 2008Matti Jurva: Anya from Olonets
December 25, 2008Letter to Germany's Führer and Commander-in-Chief
In this hour of hard decisions I am impelled to inform you that I have arrived at the conviction that the salvation of my nation makes it my duty to find a means of ending the war.
December 24, 2008Telegram to League of Nations Secretary
The USSR, with which Finland has maintained good-neighborly relations since the signing of the peace treaty in Tartu in 1920, and with which Finland has signed a non-aggression pact, the validity of which expires only in 1945, suddenly on the morning of Nov. 30 of this year, attacked not only frontier positions, but also open Finnish cities, spreading death and devastation among the civilian population, particularly by attacks from the air.
December 23, 2008Resolution adopted by the Assembly of the League of Nations
Whereas, by the aggression which it has committed against Finland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics has failed to observe not only its special agreements with Finland but also Article 12 of the Covenant of the League of Nations and the Pact of Paris; And whereas, immediately before committing that aggression, it denounced, without legal justification, the Treaty of Non-Aggression which it had concluded with Finland in 1932, and which was to remain in force until the end of 1945...
December 22, 2008Reply of Soviet Government
The Soviet Union is not in a state of war with Finland and does not threaten the people of Finland with war.
December 21, 2008Resolution adopted by the Council of the League of Nations
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics has placed itself outside the League of Nations.
December 20, 2008Protocol signed June 6, 1983
The Treaty of Friendship, Coöperation and Mutual Assistance between the Republic of Finland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of 6 April 1948, extended in accordance with the Protocols between the Republic of Finland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of 19 September 1955 and 20 July 1970, 6 shall remain in force for a period of 20 years from the date of the entry into force of this Protocol.
December 19, 2008Protocol signed July 20, 1970
The Treaty of friendship, coöperation and mutual assistance of 6 April 1948 between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Republic of Finland shall remain in force for a period of 20 years from the date of the entry into force of this Protocol.
December 18, 2008Protocol signed September 19, 1955
The provisions of article 8 concerning the term of the Treaty of Friendship, Coöperation and Mutual Assistance between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Republic of Finland signed at Moscow on 6 April 1948 shall be amended, and this Treaty shall remain in force for twenty years from the date of the entry into force of the present Protocol.
December 17, 2008Resolution of the Bureau of the Central Committee of CP (b) of the KFSSR
Basing on intra-departmental procedures of manpower assigning in 3 month period minister of sovkhoz and minister of timber and paper industry of the KFSSR have to re-allocate already allocated Ingermanlands from frontier regions to inner ones.
December 16, 2008Protocol signed April 7, 1934
Notwithstanding the provisions concerning the time-limit and methods of expiry of the Treaty regarding non-aggression and the pacific settlement of disputes, concluded at Helsinki on January 21st, 1932, between Finland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which provisions appear in Article 8 of the said Treaty, that Treaty shall remain in force until December 31st, 1945.
December 15, 2008Treaty of non-aggression and pacific settlement of disputes
The High Contracting Parties mutually guarantee the inviolability of the existing frontiers between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Republic of Finland, as fixed by the Treaty of Peace concluded at Dorpat on October 14th, 1920, which shall remain the firm foundation of their relations, and reciprocally undertake to refrain from any act of aggression directed against each other.
December 14, 2008Comrade Molotov's report
What was the meaning of the war that took place in Finland during the past three-odd months?
December 13, 2008The map of the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
December 12, 2008Secret Additional Protocol
In the event of a territorial and political rearrangement in the areas belonging to the Baltic States (Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)...
December 11, 2008Agreement concerning the renunciation of rights to the use of the territory of Porkkala-Udd as a naval base
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics renounces in favour of the Republic of Finland all rights to the use and administration of the territories and waters which the Republic of Finland first leased to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics under article 8 of the Armistice Agreement signed at Moscow on 19 September 1944.
December 10, 2008Agreement concerning trackage rights for goods trains
The USSR railways shall allow through goods trains of the Finnish railways to use its trackage along the route USSR State frontier-Syväoro-Vartsilä-USSR State frontier.
December 9, 2008Radio Speech of comrade Molotov
The hostile foreign press asserts that the measures being taken by us are aimed at the seizure or annexation to the USSR. This is malicious slander.
December 8, 2008Edict about territorial changes between The Russian Empire and The Grand Duchy of Finland
Also His Emperor Majesty is pleased to announce that to compensate Finland those following territories would be joined to Finland in due time - sea front territories of Arctic Ocean on the west from Jacob-Elf River at Stolboa Gulf (the issue about that river's water withdrawal to Lapp lands is already raised) or after the proper apportionment and estimation the Sankt-Petersburg gubernia's not used lands locating at the frontiers.
December 7, 2008Manifesto on concerning the union of Finland with the Russian Empire
The inhabitants of conquered Finland are to be numbered from this time forth amongst the peoples under the sceptre of Russia and with them shall make up the Empire; only the will and resolve of the Almighty can separate them from this great whole.
December 6, 2008Manifesto on naming Old and New Finland as Finland
With annexation of New Finland to Russian Empire and supposing that differences between Old and New Finland in naming as well as in governing are unnecessarily and not suitable for this province...
November 25, 2008The map of Kirov railway
Voenizdat of People's Commissariat of Defense. 1943
November 12, 2008The boundary stone near Hautavaara village
Photos by Timo Raikkerus
August 30, 2008Vepsian ethnographic museum
August 29, 2008Republic of Karelia
August 28, 2008Sortavala: Attack to Sortavala at August 1941
Video 4.9 Mb
August 27, 2008Sortavala
August 20, 2008Solomennoye
June 28, 2008Solomennoye: Aerial video, 1990
Video 6.7 Mb
June 26, 2008Republic of Karelia: Petrozavodsk in the early 1950's
Video 16.8 Mb
June 7, 2008Äänislinna: Die Deutsche Wochenschau, issue 581
Video 9.5 Mb
July 4, 2007Lutheran Church in Kem
Lutheran parish in Kemi was formed in 1992.
July 3, 2007Midnight Sun Country
Alexander Talanov. 1956
April 6, 2007Äänislinna: Raising the Finnish flag
Video 5.5 Mb
March 21, 2007To all Karelians of Finland and White Sea Karelia
I swear in the name of the Finnish peasant army, whose commander-in-chief I have the honour to be, that I will not sheath my sword before law and order reigns in the land, before all fortresses are in our hands, before the last soldier of Lenin is driven not only from Finland, but from White Sea Karelia as well.
January 24, 2007Memorandum of Nothern Front Commander-in-Chief
We concentrate right now a considerable amount of our best forces in Petrograd region and they will amount in number up to about three divisions and we promptly attack Vyborg and Kexholm in order to, after we fortify ourselves on the very advantageous defense line on Vuoksa Lake and on other lakes as well we would secure Petrograd. At the same time it would really endanger Vyborg itself as well as connection between this city and Serdobol.
January 22, 2007The History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Some temporary success the imperialists had in Finland.
January 11, 2007Savings bank
Article by Igor Sergeev
January 6, 2007Leander's House
Article by Igor Sergeev
December 19, 2006Information of the Ministry of Finance
Almost from the very coast of the Ladoga Lake the bigger part of the inland area along the border of the Olonets gubernia represents the mixture of the hills covered with the forests and the swamps, full of rocks and lakes.
December 2, 2006The decree of the Council of the People's Commissars on the Republic of Finland
In response to the proposal of the Finnish Government concerning the recognition of the independence of the Republic of Finland, the Council of People's Commissars, in full accordance with the principle of the nations right to self-determination, has decided...
November 16, 2006Armistice Agreement between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, on the one hand, and Finland on the other
The effect of the Peace Treaty between the Soviet Union and Finland, concluded in Moscow on the 12th of March, 1940, is restored subject to the changes which follow from the present Agreement.
November 12, 2006Vyborg gubernia
The Vyborg gubernia forms the south-east part of Finland...
October 12, 2006Lake District
Great number of Korels live in the Olonets Gubernia; ages ago there were much more of them here, so the whole region was called Karelia.
October 6, 2006Derzhavin, Daily notes
They say that Peter the Great called these people "flying on wooden wings and living on the wood bark".
September 29, 2006Winter campaign in Karelia in 1921/22 years
Despite, however, the strong pressure of Russian clericalism and chauvinism, Karelians did not lose their national appearance and national features and did not disappear from face of the earth, as this happened to other Finnish tribes.
September 27, 2006Report on the situation in Petrograd region
There were numerous attacks on the Finnish side, but all these did not surpassed minor frontier engagements.
September 24, 2006Korels of the Olonets Gubernia
The Finns giving up their territory to the Slavs went far to the North and North-West, and called their newly-formed country - Finland. However, some Finns stayed at their places and mingled with the Russian tribes...The alphabet list of the nations, living in the Russian Empire
June 20, 2006Karelian-Finnish diary. The Northern shore of the Ladoga lake
Marietta Shaginyan. June 1948
June 19, 2006Letter to President Paasikivi
As you should know, two of the three countries bordering the USSR and having fought against the USSR on the German side, namely Hungary and Romania, had already signed with the USSR the pacts on mutual assistance against possible German aggression.
June 7, 2006Karelians of the Olonets Gubernia
Karelian, korelian are Russified Finnish tribes living in the Northwest Russian Gubernias.
June 2, 2006The Agreement of Friendship, Coöperation, and Mutual Assistance between The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and The Republic of Finland
In the eventuality of Finland, or the Soviet Union through Finnish territory, becoming the object of an armed attack by Germany or any state allied with the latter, Finland will, true to its obligations as an independent state, fight to repel the attack.
May 30, 2006The Treaty of Peace with Finland
The frontiers of Finland shall be those which existed on 1 January 1941.
May 16, 2006Republic of Karelia
Republic of Karelia
May 15, 2006Vepsa
May 8, 2006Remarkable places in Petrozavodsk uezd
At about 6 miles from the town of Petrozavodsk on the right shore of the strait connecting the Onego lake with the Logmozero lake on the huge wild rock there rises a nice stone church, build by the merchant Kononov in 1781.
April 25, 2006Lutheran Church in Novye Peski
Lutheran parish of the village was formed in 1994.
April 11, 2006On the results of evacuation of the Finnish citizens from the territory occupied by the Red Army around Suojärvi
Evacuation of the population from this territory was started by the army special detachment in February 5th 1940 beginning with the Hautavaara village and followed as described below.
April 3, 2006Lutheran churches in Karelia
Lutheran churches in Karelia
March 28, 2006Lutheran church in Olonets
Olonets parish of Ingria Evangelistic-lutheran Church was officially registered in December, 1993, after USSR dissolution.
March 27, 2006Lutheran church in Kondopoga
Kondopoga parish of Estonia Evangelistic-lutheran Church was officially registered in 1990.
March 22, 2006New album of Santtu Karhu & Talvisovat
Terveh Petroskoi, 2006
December 28, 2005Memorandum of the special commissar of the Murmansk-Belomorsky krai to the People's Commissariat of the Military Affairs
Along with the English-French threat of war, there is also a real threat to the region of the Medveshja Gora1 from direction of Finland.
December 26, 2005To the commander of defense of the Finnish region
The ultimate target is to achieve Lake Saimaa, with establishing the line Sulkava - Nyslott - Serdobol.
November 1, 2005Order of the Commander-in-Chief N 1
I am starting the execution of my duties in the moment when our centuries-old enemy has attacked our country again.
October 19, 2005About the establishing of the frontier guard on the new state border with Finland
To oblige the NKVD of the USSR to establish the frontier guard on the new state border between the USSR and Finland.
September 23, 20051851
Natalia Petrovna Grot. 1900
September 13, 2005Order of the Commander-in-Chief N 34
Peace has been concluded between our country and the Soviet Union, an exacting peace which has ceded to Soviet Russia nearly every battlefield on which you have shed your blood on behalf of everything we hold dear and sacred.
August 28, 2005Treaty Between the Russian and Finnish Socialist Republics
The Council of the Peoples Commissars of the Russian Federative Soviet Republic and the Council of the Peoples Representatives of the Finnish Socialist Workers Republic, with the aim of strengthening the friendship and brotherhood between the two aforesaid free Republics, have concluded this treaty.
July 15, 2005Special Report of NKVD of KFSSR
On July 24, 1941 at 8 p.m. the Colonel Bondarev, Commander of 168-th Infantry Division has declared the immediate evacuation for City of Sortavala.
May 2, 2005Order of the Commander-in-Chief N 17
From the President of the Republic I have received the following letter...
April 27, 2005The War showed as its terrible face
Ivan Tvardovsky. 1996
April 15, 2005The Treaty of Peace between The Republic of Finland and The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
The state frontier between the Republic of Finland and the USSR shall run along a new line in such fashion that there shall be included in the territory of the USSR the entire Karelian Isthmus with the city of Viipuri and Viipuri Bay with its islands, the western and northern shores of Lake Ladoga with the cities of Kexholm and Sortavala and the town of Suojärvi, a number of islands in the Gulf of Finland, the area east of Märkäjärvi with the town of Kuolajärvi, and part of the Rybachi and Sredni peninsulas.
April 6, 2005Topographic and statistical description of the border line of Petrozavodsk and Povenets uesds with Finland, part V
Sanitary conditions in the near-border region.
March 29, 2005Sattuma project
Sattuma is a folk music quartet from Petrozavodsk in Russian Karelia.
March 20, 2005The boundary stone in Pogrankondushi village
The boundary stone in Pogrankondushi village
March 11, 2005Orders of Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
Orders of Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
February 22, 2005Topographic and statistical description of the border line of Petrozavodsk and Povenets uesds with Finland, part IV
Settlements, industry, commerce.
November 25, 2004No Molotoff
Happily singing Ivan went to war but after come into the Mannerheim Line, the tune changing into more sadly, as we will hear now...
October 18, 2004From the Soviet Information Agency, September 16th 1941
Our troops took back the Rahmaasaari Island in the Ladoga Lake.From the Soviet Information Agency, July 11th 1944
Yesterday, in June 10th, the troops of the Leningrad Front started the offence on the Karelian Isthmus to the north of Leningrad. With the help of mass strikes of artillery and aviation they have broken through the heavily fortified and deep permanent defence structures of the enemy and during the two days of offence battles moved ahead for 24 kilometres in the 40 kilometres-wide breach.
October 10, 2004Santtu Karhu & Talvisovat: Anya from Olonets
Far away a maiden blossomed lLike an exotic dark-hued flower she was famous for her beauty that pearl of Olonets.
September 16, 2004User Agreement
The following documents are the legal agreement between you and Andrew Heninen.
August 24, 2004Treaty of Mutual Assistance and Friendship between USSR and Finnish Democratic Republic
As the sign of friendship and deep trust of the Soviet Union towards the Finnish Democratic Republic, coming to meet the age-old dream of the Finnish nation about reunification of the Karelian peoples with the Finnish nation in the common independent Finnish state the Soviet Union agrees to hand over to the Finnish Democratic Republic the regions of the Soviet Karelia that are mainly populated by Karelians - 70 000 square kilometres in total - to be included into the national territory of the Finnish Democratic Republic and with setting the border line between the USSR and the Finnish Democratic Republic.
August 22, 2004In the new districts of Karelian-Finnish SSR
Pitkäranta - Sortavala. Road notes. April 1940
August 10, 2004If tomorrow the war
We're not seeking war, but'll defend ourselves not in vain we had build the defence on the enemy land we will beat him to ground by the powerful blow and small blood.
July 24, 2004The March of the Soviet tankmen
We would not take the palm of land of others but would not let to take the inch from us.
July 14, 2004Dirigibles over Petrozavodsk
For the first time the dirigible appears in the Petrozavodsk sky in July 26th 1931, when German LZ-127 Graf Zeppelin went over the capital of the Karelian ASSR on his way to the North during it's well-known Arctic expedition.
July 7, 2004Order in connection with the expelling of the White-Finnish occupants
The Soviet Karelia is feed by the Red Army from the white gangs which were organised by the Finnish officers on the money of Finnish and other foreign bourgeoisie.
July 5, 2004Traveling of the Governor-general of Finland around Finnish Karelia
For the first time after the conquest of Finland the higher representative of the Russian Empire visited the far, not widely known, might be said - forgotten, Karelian land.
July 1, 2004Riekkalansaari Island
June 2, 2004Order of the Commander-in-Chief
During the The War of Independence in 1918 I stated to the Karelians of Finnish Karelia as well as to those of White Sea Karelia that I shall not give up fighting as long as Finland and Eastern Karelia would not be free.
May 31, 2004Aallokas
Icebreaker Aallokas was built in Sortavala at Sortavalan Telakka ja Konepaja Oy shipyard in 1936.
May 23, 2004Waves of Onego Lake
They stepped from victory to victory and bet like a violent wind, till the intact and wonderful land was left here.
May 13, 2004Äänislinna: 1943
The view of the Äänislinna¹ has seriously changed since last year.
May 11, 2004Sortavala: Pommee Cross on the shore rock
The inscription and the Pommee Cross were cut on the shore rock near the crossing to the Riekkalansaari Island in 1898.
April 29, 2004Ladoga submarine
Finnish lake submarine Saukko was specially created for the operations on the Ladoga Lake.
April 28, 2004Karelian jäger brigade
Among other things the Finnisation policy meant creating in the AKSSR special national military unit.
February 23, 2004Heinrich Vogeler paintings
The set of water-colours with the views of Solomennoye were created in 1933-34 during one of the frequent visits of the artist to Karelia.
February 17, 2004Short historical overview of the development of the metallurgy in the Olonets region
February 11, 2004Topographic and statistical description of the border line of Petrozavodsk and Povenets uesds with Finland, part III
Roads and connections.
January 26, 2004The route from Petrozavodsk to the nearest railway station
Olonets Gubernia 1903 memo book
December 24, 2003Topographic and statistical description of the border line of Petrozavodsk and Povenets uesds with Finland, part II
Topography of the border and natural phenomeni.
December 1, 2003Topographic and statistical description of the border line of Petrozavodsk and Povenets uesds with Finland, part I
Geographic description of the border.
November 7, 2003Vuottovaara
Vuottovaara is the highest point on the West Karelian Hills (417.3 metres above sea-level) and is situated approximately at a distance of 30 km from Himola village and approximately in 20 km from Sukkajärvi village, to the east of the road connecting them.
October 29, 2003Order of the Commander of the Baltic Fleet
The Task of the Ladoga War Flotilla.Order of the Ladoga War Flotilla Commander
Attempts of the Finnish Flotilla to land their diversionary forces on the Ladoga Lake, surface ship and submarine attacks on our lake communications and battle ships are possible.The Ladoga War Flotilla Commander`s report
The Ladoga War Flotilla was established hastily and during the war actions had several accidents. The main reasons for the accidents were the commanders` ignorance of the theatre of operations, their poor navigation training, absence of wartime navigation means and devices.
October 2, 2003To the history of the town of Olonets and its surroundings
The notes on foundation of Olonets and explanation of the origin of different Karelian words and names of remarkable places
September 20, 2003Sandarmoh
In July 1997 in the Sandarmoh woods near the town of Medvezhjegorsk (the 16th km of the Povenets road) the Memorial society expedition headed by Juri Dmitriev found the secret burials of the victims of the mass political repressions of 1937-1938.Krasny Bor
One of the clandestine NKVD burials (approximately 350x150 metres in area) is situated in the Krasny Bor wood, 19th km of the Petrozavodsk-Voznesenye road (4 km before Derevyannoe village).
September 19, 2003Varashev's Stone and the stone on the Serdobol highway
On the Ladoha Lake near Pogranichnye Kondushi village of Olonets Uesd nearby the shore line some 10 sazhens from a small granite cape there is a very remarkable red granite stone, laying by itself in the water and called Varashev's Stone.
July 7, 2003Map of Sortavala
June 28, 2003Suojärvi
May 17, 2003Äänislinna
Petrozavodsk 1941 - 1944
May 5, 2003MANOK project
Vocal Group MANOK. 1960 - 1990
April 21, 2003German torpedo-boat on Ladoga lake
In March 13th 1959 Kit, loaded with nuclear waists was shallowed nearby Heinäsenmaa Island.
April 10, 2003To the earnest soldier of Karelian front
The first Soviet military decoration.
February 26, 2003Karelian Borders project
The Military-Historical Festivals Karelian Borders
February 17, 2003The border between the Autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland and Olonets Gubernia
The border between the Autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland and Olonets Gubernia
November 24, 2002Meet us, Suomi-Beauty
We are coming to help you to punish, to return back your disgrace manyfolded. Meet us Soumi-beauty decorated with transparent lakes.
November 7, 2002Kochkonavolok petrogliphs destroyed
In August 9th 2002 the workers of the Karelian State Regional Studies Museum visited the Kochkonavolok peninsula where a big number of ancient petrogliphs were known.
November 1, 2002Talvisovat
Santtu Karhu & Talvisovat
October 9, 20021875
A.Andreev "The Ladoga Lake" (abstracts from the book)
September 26, 2002Monument of Winter War project
The Winter War Monument will be a field clad with natural stones erected in the memory of every soldier died in the battles around Suomussalmi.
May 5, 2002Lutheran churches in Petrosavodsk
The first Lutheran church in Petrozavodskaya Sloboda was built in the beginning of XVIII century to serve religious needs of foreign experts that came to build iron mills.
April 14, 2002Photos by Jussi Rainio
In the late autumn 1941 Jussi Rainio was sent to the occupied by Finnish troops Sheltozersky region of Eastern Karelia as an educational officer.
March 31, 2002Vanha Alakylä
First written document that mention "the village on Valakila" (Alakylä) belongs to the end of XV-th century.
January 12, 2002Map of Sortavala
August 21, 2001Map of Sortavala
July 11, 2001"Special care should be taken to destroy the town of Serdobol..."
"Our aviation successfully attacked military objects of the enemy."
June 13, 2001St.Nicolas church in Rantue
The church of St.Nicolas The Wonder-worker in Rantue is situated on the high cape on the western shore of Riekkalansaari Island, about two kilometers from the center of Sortavala town.
June 3, 2001Aunus
The ice-breaking tug Aunus was built in Turku shipyard Wm. Crichton & Co Ab in 1900.
May 1, 2001Jaakkima - Lahdenpohja
In 1924 a plywood factory was build and the villages Sieklahti and Lahdenpohja were taken off Jakkima township to create a new Lahdenpohja township.
February 18, 2001Varashev's Stone
According to Stolbov 1617 Peace Treaty Swedish and Russian border setting ambassadors met in 25th of October on the shore of Ladoga Lake to proceed border marking between Solomenny pogost (circuit) of Korela uezd (district) and Olonets pogost of Novgorod uezd.
February 1, 2001Cross of Sorrow
A cast-iron cross, memorizing the victims of the Soviet-Finnish Winter War (1939-1940) was erected several kilometers off Pitkäranta at the road fork to Petrozavodsk and Suojärvi in July 27-th 2000.
January 10, 2001Oleny Island ancient burying grounds
The oldest and biggest Mesolithic burying grounds in the Northern Europe was found on the Southern Oleny Island, some 7 kilometers south-east from well-known Kizhi Island.
June 27, 2000Suistamo
First mentions of Suistamo are met in XVI century. At that time the territory was a part of Sortavala circuit.
May 29, 2000Kuikkaniemi Lutheran church
Lutheran church in Kuikkaniemi village was consecrated in 1892.Raid on Sigtuna in 1187
Massive copper city gates of Sigtuna were delivered to Novgorod as present or kind of tribute and are still decorating the Western entrance of Veliky Novgorod Saint Sophia Cathedral.
May 3, 2000Veps Tumuli
Up to now one can see ancient Veps tumuli raising up to three meters and around 12 meters in diameter along Oyat' River.
July 5, 1999The History of Paanajärvi
First people arrived to Paanajärvi region in 5-6 millenium BC.
June 6, 1999Old postcards
April 15, 1999Pitkäranta
For the first time Pitkäranta (Long Beach in translation from Finnish) was mentioned in tax census book of Great Novgorod Veps region for the years 1499-1500.
April 6, 1999BEKMAN father and son
March 22, 1999Saami Sacred Stones in Karelia
The cult of the seidas (sacred stones) existed on the whole vast area inhabited by Saami tribes.
March 2, 1999The Vepsa - history, culture and ethnic features
Article by M.Ju.Dankov
January 12, 1999Karelian Embroidery
Embroidery has a centuries-old history in traditions of Karelian and Veps people.
December 17, 1998Talvisovat
Article from Carelia magazine
October 29, 1998War on Lake Ladoga (1941-1944)
Just after the Finnish army reached the shores of Lake Ladoga, the rebuilding of the Ladoga Navy started.
October 5, 1998The Last Flight of BW-372
A Finnish fighter plane, Brewster 239 Buffalo, (hull No BW-372) was found at August 1998 in Big Kolejärvi Lake, about 50 kilometers from the town of Segezha.
August 16, 1998Petrozavodsk Stone-Age Station
In 1997 in the historical centre of Petrozavodsk, The City Park, founded by Peter the Great, archaeologists found the station of ancient people dated back to 5-th millennium BC.
August 9, 1998Segezha, July 1998
July 23, 1998Värtsilä
The earliest written mention about Värtsilä can be found in 1499-1500 tax census book.
June 1, 1998Karelian Birch
Karelian birch is a tree with presented by nature amazing pattern of wood that looks like marble.
May 19, 1998Orders of the KASSR
For achievements in construction of communism and for friendship between peoples KASSR was awarded an Order of Lenin, an Order of October Revolution and an Order of Friendship between Peoples.
December 10, 1997Birch-bark Document on Karelian language
In 1957 while being excavations the birch-bark document on Karelian was discovered in Novgorod.
December 2, 1997Solomennoye
Solomennoye (altered for Salmennoye from the Karelian "salmi" - "strait") is situated on banks of the strait connected the Onego lake bay along Petrozavodsk to the Logmozero lake.
December 1, 1997The Stone Labyrinths in Karelia
The stone labyrinths - complex spirals from crude stones - are on the Baltic, the Barents and the White Sea's coasts. They are on Karelia territory too.
October 17, 1997Sortavala
The official document of town foundation dates back to 1646.
September 24, 1997Karelia is on the medieval Europe's map
The earliest known us maps of the Europe with drawn name Carelia were composed by Swedish Catholic bishop Olaus Magnus (1490-1558) in XVI century.
July 28, 1997The Flags of Karelia
1918 - 1993Coats of arms of Karelia
1562 - 1993
July 23, 1997Karelian-Finnish Eskimo Dog
The breed was formed in wood-zone of Karelia by crossing local Karelian Eskimo dog with Finnish Bird's Eskimo dog and has the smallest size among the all breeds of hound Eskimo dog.
July 14, 1997Karelian figures on crags (petroglifs)
There are Karelian figures on crags (petroglifs) - unique stone monuments of New Stone Age (IV-II B.C.) - on the western coast of Onego Lake and in the lower reaches of Vyg river (just before it falls in the White Sea).
July 11, 1997National park Paanajärvi
Before The II World War this unique islet of nature had a reputation for Finnish Switzerland.